Conflict in Israel and Gaza, in Photos

More than two months after a Hamas-led attack in Israel killed 1,200 people, according to officials, the Israeli military is hunting for members of Hamas, the group that runs Gaza, including its most wanted man in the territory: Yahya Sinwar, the Hamas leader it considers the mastermind of the Oct. 7 attacks.

The military has also been bombarding the enclave with retaliatory airstrikes, killing nearly 20,000 people and displacing more than a million of the territory’s 2.2 million residents, officials in the enclave say.

On Saturday, the army pounded central and southern Gaza, pushing its ground offensive deeper into the Gaza Strip and striking areas where hundreds of thousands of displaced civilians had congregated in an effort to seek safety from the onslaught, according to Palestinian news media.

But the strikes, along with earlier Israeli orders for civilians to evacuate northern Gaza, have underscored what Palestinian residents and United Nations officials have long said: Israel’s war has left nowhere safe for civilians to shelter in the small, impoverished territory that has been plunged into a humanitarian catastrophe over weeks of war.

Here are images from Hamas’s attacks and their aftermath.

This gallery contains graphic images.

A child injured in Israeli airstrikes being transferred to a hospital in Rafah, in southern Gaza, on Dec. 28.

Palestinians mourning relatives killed in Israeli strikes at the Nasser hospital in Khan Younis, the largest city in southern Gaza, on Dec. 28.

People waiting for food aid to be distributed on in Rafah, on Dec. 28.

The wife of Staff Sgt. Elisha Yehonatan Lober, 24, an Israeli military reservist who was killed in southern Gaza, holding their baby during his funeral at the Mount Herzl military cemetery in Jerusalem, on Dec. 27.

Burying the bodies of Palestinians killed in fighting with Israel and turned over by the Israeli military during a mass funeral in Rafah, on Dec. 26.

Palestinians mourning their relatives, killed in an overnight Israeli strike on the Al-Maghazi refugee camp. The mass funeral was at Al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir Al-Balah, in the central Gaza Strip, on Dec. 25.

Israeli soldiers carrying the flag-draped coffin of Staff Sgt. Birhanu Kassie, 22, during his funeral at Mt. Herzl military cemetery in Jerusalem, on Dec. 24.

Palestinians mourning relatives killed in the Israeli bombardment of the Gaza Strip, outside a morgue in Khan Younis, on Dec. 24.

The funeral of Lt. Yaacov Elian at Kiryat Shaul cemetery in Tel Aviv, on Dec. 22. Lieutenant Elian, 20, was killed during Israel’s ground operation in the Gaza Strip.

Israeli soldiers in the Gaza Strip as seen from southern Israel, on Dec. 21.

Palestinians mourning their relatives killed in an Israeli strike on Dec. 21, at a hospital in Rafah.

The funeral of Staff Sgt. Boris Dunavetski in Tel Aviv, on
Dec. 20.

Israeli soldiers firing mortars from southern Israel toward Gaza, on Dec. 20.

Israeli soldiers in the north of the Gaza Strip during a controlled tour for journalists, on Dec. 20.

The destroyed home of Adel Zorob, a Palestinian journalist who was killed in an overnight bombardment in Rafah, on Dec. 19.

The funeral of Alon Shamriz on Dec. 17 in Shefayim, Israel. Mr. Shamriz was one of the hostages mistakenly killed by Israeli soldiers in the Gaza Strip.

The destroyed Shehada family home following an Israeli strike on Rafah on Dec. 14.

A woman from the Ashour family holding the body of a child killed in an Israeli strike on Dec. 14 at the Najar hospital in Rafah.

Burned vehicles on Dec. 14 that were collected from the Nova music festival area, near Kibbutz Reim, after the Hamas attack on Oct. 7.

The funeral of Major Roy Meldasi on Dec. 13 in Afula, Israel. Major Meldasi was killed along with seven other soldiers while fighting in northern Gaza.

An Israeli soldier lighting a candle for the sixth day of the Jewish Hanukkah holiday at a position near the Gaza border on Dec. 12.

A mourner with the bodies of Palestinians killed in Israeli strikes on Dec. 12 at Abu Yossef Al-Najar hospital in Rafah.

Israeli soldiers taking positions near the Gaza border in southern Israel on Dec. 11.

Israeli soldiers with bound and blindfolded Palestinian detainees in Gaza on Dec. 8.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israeli at the funeral of Master Sgt. Gal Meir Eizenkot, 25, who was killed in fighting in Gaza, on Dec. 8. Master Sgt. Eizenkot was the son of Gadi Eizenkot, Israel’s former army chief and a member of Israel’s war cabinet.

Carrying the body of a child found under the rubble of a destroyed building after airstrikes in Khan Younis on Dec. 7.

Palestinians wounded in an Israeli strike arriving at a hospital in Rafah on Dec. 6.

The aftermath of an Israeli strike in Rafah on Dec. 6.

Israel’s Iron Dome air defense system intercepting rockets fired from Gaza on Dec. 1, in Ashkelon, Israel.

Palestinians mourned relatives in the southern Gaza Strip on Dec. 5.

Carrying the body of a man pulled from under the rubble of a house destroyed by an Israeli airstrikes on Dec. 4 in Khan Younis.

Children receiving treatment at a hospital in Khan Younis on Dec. 4.

Leaflets were dropped by Israeli forces above Khan Younis on Dec. 4.

Palestinians standing on the edge of a crater in Rafah on Dec 3.

Injured children arriving at Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, in southern Gaza, after Israeli airstrikes on Dec. 3.

The funeral on Dec. 3 for an Israeli soldier killed in Gaza in Petah Tikva, Israel.

Israeli troops near the border with Gaza on Dec. 3.

Residents of Hamad Town, a Qatari-funded residential complex in Khan Younis, Gaza, looking at buildings destroyed by Israeli strikes on Dec. 2.

Palestinians mourned relatives at a funeral in Khan Younis on Dec. 1.

Inspecting a damaged house in Khan Younis on Dec. 1.

Carrying an injured man into a hospital in Khan Younis on Dec. 1.

Rockets being launched from the Gaza Strip into Israel on Dec. 1, after a temporary truce between Israel and Hamas expired.

Israeli soldiers during a briefing on the southern border with the Gaza Strip on Nov. 29.

Palestinians in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip on Nov. 27.

Palestinians passing homes destroyed by Israeli airstrikes in Khan Younis on Nov. 27, the fourth day of the pause in fighting.

Destruction in the village of Khuzaa, east of Khan Younis, on Nov. 27.

A celebration in Ramallah, in the West Bank, for freed Palestinian prisoners on Nov. 26. During a weeklong pause in hostilities, Israel released 240 Palestinian prisoners and detainees in exchange for 105 hostages held by Hamas.

Omar Atshan, 17, embraced his mother after he was released from an Israeli prison on Nov. 26.

Israelis celebrate the release of hostages at Schneider hospital in Israel on Nov. 26.

Palestinians evacuating the northern Gaza Strip on Nov. 26.

An Israeli soldier watching Palestinians evacuating the northern Gaza Strip heading south on Nov. 26.

Casualties arrive from Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City to Al-Khair Hospital in Khan Younis, in southern Gaza Strip, on Nov. 25.

Families of the hostages at a rally in Tel Aviv on Nov. 25 as they wait for news of their loved ones.

Palestinian at a fuel filling station in the city of Khan Younis, in southern Gaza Strip, on Nov. 25.

Vehicles carrying Israeli hostages released by Hamas before crossing into Egypt on Nov. 24, where they would be flown back to Israel.

Families and other supporters waiting for the return of the hostages in Tel Aviv on Nov. 24.

Palestinians returning to their homes in the town of Khuza’a on Nov. 24.

Hanin Saleh el-Barghouthi, 59, center, a Palestinian woman who had been held in an Israeli prison, was reunited with her grandson and other relatives in the Israeli-occupied West Bank on Nov. 24.

A mass grave for 111 bodies brought from the north of the Gaza Strip to a cemetery in Khan Younis on Nov. 22.

An injured child from the Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip being brought to Nasser Hospital in Khan Younis on Nov. 22.

A wounded child at Nasser Medical Hospital in Khan Younis on Nov. 21.

Ahmed Al-Salout, 16, an injured Palestinian child, participating in a program to help entertain children and bring them some emotional support, in the courtyard of the European Field Hospital in Rafah on Nov. 21.

An injured child being brought to Nasser Medical Hospital in Khan Younis, Gaza, on Nov. 20.

Premature babies were prepared to be transported across the border to Egypt for medical care on Nov. 20. Some had been born to mothers who had been killed in airstrikes or who had died shortly after giving birth, doctors said.

Palestinians mourn people killed in Khan Younis, in southern Gaza on Nov. 19.

Palestinian journalists carrying the bodies of the journalists Sari Mansour and Hassouna Eslim at Shohadaa Al-Aqsa Hospital on Nov. 19. The two Palestinian journalists were killed during an airstrike on the Bureij refugee camp in central Gaza.

Israeli soldiers escorting blindfolded Palestinian men on Nov. 19 in the Zeitoun district, in southern Gaza.

Residents searched for victims of an Israeli airstrike in a building in Khan Younis, in southern Gaza, on Nov. 18.

Palestinians at Al-Nasr Hospital on Nov. 18 mourning as they view the bodies of people killed in Khan Younis.

An injured child on Nov. 17 at Al-Nasr Hospital in Khan Younis.

Israeli soldiers from the Seventh Brigade escorted journalists to see a stone-and-concrete shaft on the grounds of Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City on Nov. 16.

A concrete shaft on the grounds of Al-Shifa Hospital, seen during the visit organized by the Israeli military.

Cooking over a fire on Nov. 15 in Khan Younis because of fuel shortages.

People mourning their relatives on Nov. 11 outside the morgue at Al-Nasr hospital in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, after they were killed in an Israeli airstrike a day earlier.

Residents of Khan Younis handing out food and water to people displaced from Gaza City on Nov. 10.

An Israeli tank crossing the security fence between Israel and Gaza on Nov. 10.

Residents of Gaza City traveled along Salah al-Din Road toward the southern end of the Gaza Strip on Nov. 8.

Palestinians mourned a family member who was killed in an Israeli airstrike on Nov. 8 in eastern Khan Younis.

Lt. Col. Ido Ben Anat of the Israeli army on Nov. 8 in an apartment during a ground operation in the Gaza Strip.

The Khaled bin Al Waleed mosque on Nov. 8 in Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip.

Injured children were treated at Al Aqsa Martyrs hospital on Nov. 6 in Deir al Balah, Gaza.

Police and forensic experts collected evidence and belongings on Nov. 5 from cars that were destroyed during the Oct. 7 attacks outside Netivot, Israel.

The family of Itay Saadon, a soldier who was killed in the fighting in Gaza, walked to a cemetery in Tel Aviv on Nov. 5 surrounded by hundreds of people who came to support them.

Mohammed al-Aloul, a photographer for a Turkish news service, said he had lost four of his five children on Nov. 5 in what the Gazan authorities said was an Israeli airstrike in central Gaza.

Palestinians riding a donkey cart past piled-up garbage in Khan Younis on Nov. 5.

Journalists were taken into northern Gaza for four hours on Nov. 4 to see the extent of the Israeli military’s advance.

A man played with a child on Nov. 4 near temporary tents at a U.N. school in Khan Younis.

Israeli soldiers patrolled on a road on Nov. 4 in southern Israel, near the border with Gaza.

A boy held a sign at a rally on Nov. 4 in Tel Aviv calling for immediate action to bring home the hostages who were taken on Oct. 7.

A Palestinian man cried over the loss of his daughter, who was killed by Israeli airstrikes in Khan Younis on Nov. 3.

Destruction caused by Israeli airstrikes in Khan Younis on Nov. 3.

The funeral of Yuval Zilber, an Israeli soldier who was killed during an operation in the Gaza Strip, in Neta’im on Nov. 3.

Family and friends of Sgt. Shay Eros, 20, who was among the first Israeli soldiers to be killed during ground operations in Gaza, grieving at his funeral in Holon, Israel on Nov. 2.

Rockets fired from Gaza toward Israel on Nov. 2.

A charred Hanukkah menorah on Nov. 2 at a house in Kibbutz Kissufim, which was attacked by Hamas on Oct. 7.

Israeli soldiers worked in an artillery unit near the border with Gaza on Nov. 2.

People flocked to the Rafah border crossing between Gaza and Egypt on Nov. 1, hoping to be able to leave the Gaza Strip.

Those with foreign passports, and their families, checked a list of names to see if they would be allowed through.

Israeli Army donor guards paid respects to Staff Sgt. Adi Leon of the Givati Infantry Brigade’s Tzabar Battalion, who was killed in Gaza, at the Modi’in Cemetery in Israel on Nov. 1.

Archaeologists and Israeli soldiers searched for human remains on Nov. 1 among hundreds of burned cars from the attack on Oct 7. The vehicles were collected from the areas surrounding the Gaza border in Israel in order to identify missing persons.

Palestinians stood over the ruins of the Abu Nasr family home, which was destroyed a strike in Khan Younis on Nov. 1.

The bodies of a boy and a woman trapped under the rubble were removed from the family home on Nov. 1.

Over 200 empty beds were arranged in Safra Square in Jerusalem on Oct. 31 to represent the hostages taken on Oct. 7.

Searching for casualties on Oct. 31 after a strike at the Jabaliya refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip.

Emma Megidish, center, the grandmother of the Israeli soldier Pvt. Ori Megidish, celebrating with family members on Oct. 30 in Kiryat Gat, Israel, after her granddaughter was rescued from Gaza by Israeli troops. Private Megidish had been abducted from an Israeli Army base during the Hamas-led terrorist attacks on Oct. 7 and taken hostage in Gaza.

Hanan Jabr sat among her grandchildren on Oct. 30 as they played around her, in a room at a refugee camp set up by the United Nations in Khan Younis, Gaza.

With fuel in scarce supply, Palestinians in downtown Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip, have been turning to bicycles as an alternative means of transportation.

A funeral on Oct. 29 in Palmachim, Israel, for Mani and Ayelet Godard, who were killed in the Be’eri kibbutz by Hamas.

Israelis in Tel Aviv calling for the hostages being held in Gaza be released on Oct. 28.

Israeli armored vehicles near the border with southern Gaza on Oct. 28.

Umm Ibrahim Fayyad, a displaced Palestinian woman from the northern Gaza Strip, using wood to cook on Oct. 28 on the beach in Deir El Balah, in the southern Gaza Strip.

With a ground invasion looming, Israeli military launched an intense aerial bombardment on the Gaza Strip on Oct. 27.

Palestinians wait in front of a bakery to buy bread on Oct. 27 in Khan Younis.

Soldiers assessing the damage on Oct. 27 in Kfar Azza, which was devastated in the surprise attack by Hamas on Oct. 7.

Displaced Palestinian charging their phones at a displacement camp on Oct. 27 Khan Younis.

Palestinians carrying a body that was removed from under the rubble of destroyed homes on Oct. 26 in Khan Younis, Gaza.

Thick smoke rising above the streets in Khan Younis, Gaza on Oct. 26.

A funeral for members of the Al-Satra family, who were killed in an airstrike in Khan Younis on Oct. 26.

Volunteers with the ZAKA relief organization cleaning a home on Oct. 26 in Kibbutz Holit, a community near the borders with Gaza and Egypt, where 13 people were killed during the Oct. 7 Hamas attacks.

Israel continued to amass armor in preparation for a potential ground assault on Gaza on Oct. 25.

Israeli soldiers at Kibbutz Be’eri on Oct. 25, where more than 100 civilians were killed in the Hamas attack earlier in the month.

Women with the bodies of relatives who were killed in Israeli airstrikes on Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip, on Oct. 25.

Buildings turned to rubble in Khan Younis on Oct. 25.

The funeral of Lianne Sharabi and her daughters, Noiya, 16, and Yahel, 13, in Kfar Harif, Israel on Oct. 25.

A doctor triaging a new arrival at Nasser Hospital in southern Gaza on Oct. 24.

Treating a child injured by Israeli bombing in Khan Younis on Oct. 24.

Lining up for water in Khan Younis on Oct. 24.

Israel’s military continued to mass armored vehicles and run training exercises along the Gaza border on Oct. 23 in preparation for a ground attack.

A woman mourned the loss of her brothers and sisters who were killed on Oct. 23 in Israeli strikes in Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip.

Damage from airstrikes at a market in central Gaza on Oct. 23.

Carrying the bodies of children killed in airstrikes in Khan Younis on Oct. 23.

Caskets bearing the bodies of Nadav Goldstein and his daughter, Yam Goldstein, who was an Israeli soldier, are carried during their funeral on Oct. 23 in Shefayim, Israel.

Khaled Joudeh mourning his young sister, Misq, at the morgue at Deir Al-Balah hospital in Gaza on Oct. 22.

Mourning Roni Levy on Oct. 22. He was killed in the Hamas attack on the Be’eri kibbutz, in Revivim, Israel.

Mourning relatives killed following Israeli airstrikes in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip on Oct. 22.

Humanitarian aid arriving through the Rafah border crossing into the Gaza Strip on Oct. 21.

Soldiers eating dinner prepared by volunteers at a makeshift food and supplies station near Ofakim, Israel on Oct 21.

A building across from a school was destroyed by an Israeli airstrike in Khan Younis on Oct. 21.

Family members and representatives of the more than 200 Israeli hostages gathered in Tel Aviv on Oct. 21.

The Israeli military preparing for an expected ground assault into the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip on Oct. 20.

Israeli soldiers training in a simulated Palestinian village on Oct. 20.

Palestinians with the bodies of relatives killed in Khan Younis, in southern Gaza, on Oct. 20.

The families of Israelis held hostage in Gaza set more than 200 empty chairs — representing the number of confirmed hostages — around a long table bearing the traditional Sabbath wine and bread on Oct 20.

At a funeral on Oct. 19 for children killed in raids in the city of Khan Younis, Gaza.

People looking at the rubble of a home in Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip, that was hit by airstrikes on Oct. 19.

Wounded children on Oct. 19 in a hospital in Khan Younis, Gaza.

A photograph taken during an Israeli army media tour on Oct. 19 showing blood stains on a bed from the Hamas attack in the kibbutz of Nir Oz.

President Biden meeting in Tel Aviv with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel on Oct. 18.

Israeli tanks massing on Oct. 18 outside Mavki’im, Israel.

Family members grieve during the funeral of Yitzhak Siton, 76; his wife, Hannah Siton, 73; their son, Tal Siton, 49; and Hannah’s sister, Pesi Cohen, 68, in Hod HaSharon, Israel on Oct. 18.

Hundreds of people were feared dead after an explosion at the Ahli Arab Hospital in the Gaza Strip on Oct. 17.

Hamas blamed the blast on an Israeli airstrike, while Israel said it was caused by an errant rocket fired by another armed group, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, which denied the assertion.

Wounded Palestinians were brought to the Al Shifa hospital, following the blast at Ahli Arab Hospital on Oct. 17.

Israel Army soldiers firing mortar rounds toward Gaza from in Be’eri, Israel on Oct. 17.

The funeral on Oct. 17 of Yuri and Roza Yadgarov, who were murdered together in their home in Ofakim during the terror attack, in Israel.

Earlier in the day, strikes continued on buildings in Khan Younis, Gaza.

Many children were among those injured or killed by the strikes.

Inas Abu Maamar holding the body of her 5-year-old niece, Saly, who was killed in an Israeli airstrike on Oct. 17 in Khan Younis.

The floor of a child’s bedroom still stained with blood on Oct. 17, after the deadly attacks by Hamas militants at Kibbutz Be’eri in Israel.

Tents, water bottles and other items are scattered across the site of the Tribe of Nova Festival in Israel, where hundreds of Israelis were killed by Hamas terrorists.

People flocked to the Rafah border crossing in Gaza on Oct. 16, waiting to cross into Egypt.

A girl waiting for the border crossing to open.

People with U.S. citizenship gathered at the port in Haifa to leave the country on Oct. 16.

A wounded child at a hospital in Khan Younis, Gaza, on Oct. 16.

Demonstrators calling for the release of Avinatan Or, who has been missing since a music festival was attacked by Hamas on Oct. 7.

Containers holding the bodies of Israelis killed by Hamas at a military base near Ramla, Israel on Oct. 16.

Israeli soldiers securing the border area with Gaza at the Kfar Azza kibbutz on Oct. 15.

A supermarket in Khan Younis on Oct. 15. Stores have sold out of most basic necessities, like flour and water.

Lining up at a bakery to buy bread in Khan Younis on Oct. 15.

Families evacuating Sderot, Israel, on Oct. 15. The city was attacked by Hamas gunmen the week before.

Israeli residents who were evacuated from their homes near Gaza after the attack by Hamas staying at the Kfar Maccabiah hotel in Ramat Gan, Israel.

The funeral on Oct. 15 of Gil Avital, who died fighting Hamas during the attack. Mr. Avital and his two brothers, who both survived, fought in three different kibbutzim.

Palestinians displaced from northern Gaza in Khan Younis on Oct. 14.

Friends and relatives of Maya Regev, 21, and Itay Regev, 18, watching a news segment about the Israelis kidnapped by Hamas, at their mother’s apartment in Herzliya, Israel on Oct. 14. The siblings attended the rave in southern Israel and are believed to have been kidnapped by Hamas militants.

Israeli army tanks in fields outside Erez as they prepared to move toward the territory on Oct. 14.

Palestinians displaced from northern Gaza resting in a U.N. school in Khan Younis on Oct. 14.

Israeli soldiers escort residents to pick up their belongings on Oct. 13 inside the Be’eri kibbutz, which was overrun by Hamas gunmen.

Israelis taking cover after a siren warned of incoming rockets on Oct. 13 in Rehovot.

Palestinians transferring the bodies of relatives killed in an Israeli airstrike in Khan Younis on Oct. 13.

The inside of a home that was destroyed when the Be’eri kibbutz in Israel was attacked.

The bodies of Israelis killed in the attacks by Hamas awaiting identification at an Israel Defense Forces base on Oct. 13 in Ramla, Israel.

A stroller abandoned near an intersection on Oct. 12 in Sderot, a city in southern Israel that was attacked on Oct. 7 by at least two pickups carrying armed men and a mounted machine gun.

An injured man arriving at Al Shifa Hospital in central Gaza on Oct. 12 after Israeli warplanes bombed the Shati camp, northwest of Gaza City.

Volunteers making wreaths for bereaved families on Oct. 12 in Moshav Zeitan, Israel.

Families in Khan Younis leaving their home to seek shelter on Oct. 12 after an airstrike hit a house next door.

An injured child at Al Shifa Hospital on Oct. 12 after Israeli warplanes bombed the Shati camp.

Mourning in Khan Younis for multiple members of the al-Bushaiti family who were killed in an overnight Israeli airstrike on Oct. 12.

The site of the Nova Festival, an outdoor event about three miles from the Gaza border, where Palestinian gunmen killed more than 100 people.

Palestinians looking for survivors in a house destroyed by Israeli airstrikes overnight in Khan Younis on Oct. 11.

A woman grieving over the bodies of three relatives killed in airstrikes in Gaza City on Oct. 11.

An Israeli army self-propelled howitzer firing near the border with Gaza on Oct. 11.

A child carrying belongings from his family’s house, which was damaged in an Israeli airstrike, in Khan Younis on Oct. 11.

Funerals of Palestinians killed in Israeli airstrikes in Khan Younis on Oct. 10.

Surveying the damage in the Al-Rimal neighborhood of Gaza after Israeli strikes on Oct. 10.

An injured girl outside Al Shifa Hospital in central Gaza on Oct. 10.

Israeli soldiers near the body of a Hamas gunman in the village of Kfar Azza. Journalists with The New York Times who traveled to the village saw bodies on pathways and lawns, and in houses and other locations.

Family and friends of the paramedic Amit Man, 22, beside her grave in Netivot, Israel, on Oct. 10.

Israeli soldiers with the bodies of Israeli civilians near the border with Gaza on Oct. 10.

Carrying an injured child outside Al Shifa Hospital in Gaza on Oct. 10.

Residents of Kfar Azza who were evacuated from their homes after gunmen broke into their kibbutz.

Israeli soldiers patrolling in Kfar Azza on Oct. 10.

Palestinian journalists mourning their colleagues Saeed Al-Taweel and Muhammad Sobh, who were killed while photographing a strike on Gaza City on Oct. 10.

Emergency responders bringing wounded children to Al Shifa Hospital on Oct. 10.

The funeral in Tzur Shalom cemetery on Oct. 10 of Noa Englander, who was killed in the attack on the Nova Festival.

A tourist group from Italy whose original departure was canceled awaiting another flight at Ben Gurion Airport, outside Tel Aviv on Oct. 10.

A mother and father carrying their daughter, who was wounded inside a school in downtown Gaza City by an Israeli airstrike on Oct. 9, into Al Shifa Hospital.

The funeral of an Israeli soldier, Yuval Ben Yaakov, in the cemetery in Kfar Menahem on Oct. 9.

Israeli forces in a cotton field near Kfar Menahem on Oct. 9.

The funeral of Col. Roi Levy, 44, at the Mount Herzl Military Cemetery in Jerusalem on Oct. 9.

Hiding under the stairs after their house was destroyed when Israeli warplanes bombed the Western Mosque, west of Gaza City, on Oct. 9.

Israelis seeking shelter after a rocket siren was sounded in Jerusalem on Oct. 9.

A girl running in fear at the sounds of bombing near Al Shifa Hospital on Oct. 9.

An E.M.T., Menachem Zacharya, drawing blood from two Israelis at a donation center set up in a Jerusalem arena by Magen David Adom, Israel’s national emergency service, on Oct. 9.

An injured woman with her child after an Israeli airstrike near their house in the central Gaza Strip on Oct. 8.

A building damaged in strikes in Gaza City on Oct. 8.

A strike of the National Islamic Bank in central Gaza on Oct. 8.

Tali Touito, a resident of Sderot, described how Hamas gunmen attacked and took over the police station on her street.

Palestinian citizens inspecting their property in Gaza City on Oct. 8.

Israeli soldiers leaving a shelter after rocket sirens were sounded in Sderot, as they searched for remaining Hamas gunmen from Gaza in a residential neighborhood near where gunmen had taken over a police station.

A mother crying next to the body of her son — who was killed in the Israeli raids — on the grounds of Al Shifa Hospital.

An infant sleeping in a dining room in Kibbutz Mishmar HaNegev on Oct. 8 after being rescued with a family that was hiding in a house in Kibbutz Kfar.

Palestinian children looking toward the sky as they hear the sound of airstrikes. Families sought refuge at a United Nations Relief and Works Agency school in Gaza City.

A woman running to the concrete shelter at her home in Ashkelon after a rocket siren sounded.

The aftermath of an Israeli airstrike in Gaza.

The bodies of Israelis killed by Palestinian gunmen who entered from the Gaza Strip lay covered in Sderot.

Carrying the body of a Palestinian assailant killed in Gaza.

Bodies strewn on a road in Sderot.

Palestinians celebrating over a burned Israeli car in Gaza.

A resident of Ashkelon looking out the window of his family’s apartment at destruction caused by a rocket fired from Gaza.

Palestinian gunmen surrounding a truck reportedly carrying a captured woman in Khan Younis.

Palestinians breaking into the Israeli side of the Israel-Gaza border fence.

Rockets being fired toward Israel from Gaza. The assault began without warning at about 6:30 a.m. on the Jewish Sabbath, and almost 50 years to the day since a surprise attack by Egyptian and Syrian forces on Israel that set off the 1973 war.